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Need to know the Lingo.  We have got the definitions for your vocabulary.

Cyberspace Dictionary:
Need to know the net. Check out some of the most common Internet terms.

Investment Terms:
A brief dictionary with several financial terms. Click Here to go to the ninth hole's financial terms-dictionary

Future Dictionary:
Need to know some obscure future, commodities or option term. One click away --> Click Here.

attachment - a file attached to an email - most email clients allow the user to append files to an email as an easier way of transmitting information to others across the Internet.

ASCII -stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a file type that contains standard text characters as data.

Active X - A software technology developed by Microsoft that allows programmed capabilities or content to be delivered to Windows-based personal computers via the World Wide Web.

address - There are three types of addresses in common use on the Internet: email addresses, IP addresses, and Uniform Resource Locators. See also email address, IP address, Uniform Resource Locator.

AFK - Abbreviation for Away From Keyboard.

applet - A Java program which is designed to run only on a web page. To use an applet on a web page, you would specify the name of the applet and the size (length and width--in pixels) that the applet can utilize. When the web page is accessed, the browser downloads the applet from a server and runs it on the user's machine (the client). Applets differ from applications in that they are governed by a strict security protocol. See also Java.

AUP - Acceptable Use Policy.

bandwidth - refers to a network connection's maximum capacity for carrying data traffic

barfmail - Repeated bounce messages, usually due to mail server or gateway errors, which cause significant annoyance.

baud - measurement of modem speed - one baud = one signal per second.

BBS - Bulletin Board System, a local computer system which, traditionally, was a dial-up only system, allowing users to dial-in and chat with others and download or upload files.

binary - a file type in the form of pure data - not text - that needs to be converted to image, sound or application

BinHex - a Macintosh file format for converting binary files into ASCII for emailing

bit - A binary unit

bmp - a bitmapped graphics file

bps - bits per second - measurement of data transfer sped on a modem, for higher speeds also expressed as Kbps (Kilobits per second)

broadband - a network with high bandwidth (greater than 256Kbps)

CGI - Common Gateway Interface. A standard used by programmers that allows their programs to interact with the World Wide Web. CGI scripts can be written in many computer languages, but Perl and C are the most common.

chat - A form of interactive online communication that enables typed conversations to occur in real-time. When participating in a chat discussion, your messages are instantaneously relayed to other members in the chat room while other members' messages are instantaneously relayed to you.

client - in computer context, means an individual's computer and the software it uses to get information from a server computer

compression - "squeezing" a file down in size by replacing commonly occurring characters with a single bit, useful for faster transfer of files and / or storage.

daemon - In the UNIX operating system, a background process that lies dormant waiting to perform some useful task. The sendmail daemon, for example, continually runs but becomes active only when email is sent or received.

domain - the hierarchy in which a particular machine is placed.

domain name server (DNS) - the computer that actually "remembers" all the names of other machines and their IP addresses. It remembers these as numbers, so...

domain name system - the system of converting IP addresses to names and back again

download - the act of retrieving information or files from one computer and bringing it back to your own.

emoticons - A cute sideways face created by using special characters on the keyboard.

Smiley :-) Pirate <P-) Wink ;)
Smiley with Shades B-) Smiley with a hat <:-)

encryption - the encoding of data, so that it can only be read by the people it's intended for.


FAQ - Stands for "Frequently Asked Questions." Files of these are kept on many newsgroups and web sites so that newbies don't pester everyone by asking the same questions all the time. The problem is that newbies never read FAQs in the first place.

firewall - a security program that is designed to keep unauthorized people away from sensitive information

flame - a message designed to "burn" the addressee. usually rudely and in public. When the addressee responds in kind and the whole thing escalates, it's called a "flame war". Not an uncommon thing on newsgroups.

FTP - File Transfer Protocol, a system for moving files across networks

gateway - a machine which is connected to two networks at the same time and acts as a transfer point

GIF - Graphics Interchange Format, a file type for storing and exchanging pictures.

Gopher - a system of information retrieval that "digs" down through layers of menus to reach what you actually want.

hardwired - A function or capability that is hardcoded into a system. Generally, anything that can not be modified or customized.

header - the top part of an email or newsgroup message that shows where the message came from and when it was posted

host - your ISP's computer that you connect to for accessing the Net

HTML - stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, a set of tags that makes the World Wide Web possible. To view a web page's HTML code, click View Source on your browser to see how the page was done.

HTTP - stands for Hyper Text Transport Protocol - the retrieval system for other Hyper Text

hyperlink - a click-sensitive spot on a Web pages that is linked to another spot on the same page, a different page or even a different site altogether

hypertext - text that is colored differently from the body text on a Web page so you know that clicking there will produce a result like jumping to another page

imagemap - a "clickable graphic" that performs different actions depending on where in the graphic you click

IP - stands for Internet Protocol, the main Net protocol

ISP - stands for Internet Service Provider

JPEG - stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, also refers to the graphics file format named after the group. The image quality of a JPEG can vary with the degree of compression used. It is possible to reduce a picture file to a twentieth of its original size. The counterpart for movies is called MPEG

LAN - stands for Local Area Network, where two or more computers are connected by cables

lurking - watching IRC or newsgroup discussions without actively participating

mailing list - a list of subscribers to a particular discussion group. This method is also used to distribute eZines (electronic magazines)

MIME - stands for Multi-purpose Internet Mail Extensions, which is a newish net standard for moving sound and pictures around by email.

mirror site - an Internet site that contains exactly the same information as another site elsewhere in the world. This is done to spread the load on popular sites.

moderator - person who ensures that all contributions to a newsgroup are suitable before posting them where everyone can see them

NNTP - stands for Net News Transport Protocol, a transmission standard for Usenet news

ping - pinging is when you send a data packet from your computer to a site or other user to test the connection's performance. If the other site is down, the ping fails and if the site is up, the packet bounces back ("pongs")

port - specific channel used by a network service. Example: gopher often uses port 70, while some Web sites use port 80.

PPP - stands for Point to Point Protocol, which is a direct connection from your computer to the Net, via modem and phone line

root directory - the "top" directory of a collection of files/ folders

search engine - a program that searches indexes of addresses using keywords to find what you're looking for.

server - any computer that stores information and allows outside users to get copies of that info.

SLIP - stands for Serial Line Internet Protocol, which is a dial-up connection to the Net, an older system than PPP

SMTP - stands for Simple Mail Transport Protocol, the transfer method for email on the Net

TCP/IP - pronounced "tee-see-pip", stands for Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol, used in combination it's the networking method used by computers to talk to each other over the Net

Telnet - type of program that lets your computer act like it's part of a different computer so you can log in and do stuff

URL - stands for Uniform Resource Locator - which is the address system used on the World Wide Web.

Usenet - the vast collection of discussion groups and newsgroups on the Internet.

WAN - stands for Wide Area Network, a group of machines located at (great) distance from each other but connected via dedicated lines

.zip - files can be compressed into ZIP format, which require them to be unzipped with PKUNZIP before installing

Other Resources

NetDictionaryCyberspanglishThe PC WebopaediaOnLine Dictionary

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